Overview of the Transportation Industry
There is high demand for workers in the Canadian transportation industry. Between 2010 and 2030 the industry will need over 26,000 qualified workers, an increase of 31%.
Canada could experience a shortage of 25,000 to 33,000 truck drivers by 2020
Source: Conference Board of Canada
The Canadian truck transportation sector alone is expected to require at least 153,000 additional workers by 2021, an average of 14,100 per year.
Projected employment growth in BC [truck transportation]
|2011 to 2012||2011 to 2017||2011 to 2021|
Source: Trucking Human Resources Canada
Employers report that it is difficult to recruit workers for all positions in the trucking industry, with transport trailer mechanics being the most difficult. There is also high demand for Class 1/AZ truck drivers.
Immigrants are seen as a key source of talent as transportation companies seek to meet their hiring needs in the years ahead.
The industry has responded by developing a number of programs to attract newcomers. These include:
- initiatives to attract newcomers to remote locations of the province
- corporate efforts to encourage diversity in the workplace
- strategies for streamlining foreign-credential recognition
One such initiative is the ITA’s Immigrants in Trades Training program, which helps you overcome barriers to entering the trades, including jobs in transportation. This program can provide you with hands-on experience, financial assistance, safety training, English courses, and career counselling.
The BC Trucking Association has developed a tool to assist employers when hiring newcomers to Canada. This guide helps employers compare your professional driving experience in your home country to Canadian driving standards.
- More information:
International Trucking Reference: Roads, Rules, and Drivers
For more information on the transportation sector see:
Occupations in the Transportation Sector
The transportation industry is made of up numerous occupations, each with its own unique set of experience and training requirements. It includes the following sectors:
- Truck transportation
- Air, rail, water, and scenic and sightseeing transportation
- Transit and ground passenger transportation
- Pipelines, and postal service and couriers
Occupations in greatest demand in BC are Class 1/AZ truck drivers and truck/trailer mechanics. Most jobs in the trucking sector (60%) are with firms that conduct short haul trips.
Employment by Occupation (Canada)
|Truck Drivers (Class 1/AZ and 3/D)||174,500||196,200||209,200|
|Truck / Transport Mechanics||15,630||17,570||18,740|
|Transport Trailer Technician||6,150||6,910||7,370|
|Truck Cargo Workers||31,360||35,260||37,600|
|Trucking Freight Claims||3,730||4,200||4,480|
Vacancy and Retirement Rate in the Trucking Sector by Occupation (2011)
|Occupation||Vacancy Rate||Retirement Rate|
|Company Truck Drivers (Class 1/AZ)||4.3%||2.2%|
|Company Truck Drivers (Class 3/d)||4.1%||1.3%|
|Owner/Operator Truck Drivers||6.2%||2.2%|
|Truck / Transport Mechanics||6.1%||0.9%|
|Transport Trailer Technician||5.1%||1.1%|
BC Employment Outlook – Selected Occupations: 2010-2020
|Transportation Trades||2010||2020||Annual Average Change|
|Machinery and Transportation Equipment Mechanics||21,210||23,610||1.1%|
|Automotive service technicians||25,110||28,710||1.3%|
|Crane Operators, Drillers, and Blasters||2,170||2,380||0.9%|
|Heavy Equipment Operators||13,700||15,270||1.1%|
For detailed information on any of the occupations in the transportation sector see:
Hiring Forecast by Region
About 66% of jobs in the transportation industry are in the Mainland/Southwest region of BC. The next largest employment regions are Vancouver Island/Coast and Thompson-Okanagan.
Employment by Region:
Chart from WorkBC Industry Profile: Transportation & Warehousing.
Online Job Postings
Creating a List of Potential Employers
You can use directories to produce lists of employers in the transportation industry in British Columbia. Contact them directly to find out if they’re hiring.