Working as an Electrician
Electricians install, repair, and maintain electrical systems in all types of buildings and structures.
There are three main categories of electricians:
- Construction Electricians [NOC 7241]: you work for electrical contractors or building maintenance departments
- Industrial Electricians [NOC 7242]: you work for electrical contractors and maintenance departments of factories, plants, mines, shipyards and other industrial establishments
- Power System Electricians [NOC 7243]: you work for electric power generation, transmission, and distribution companies
Your duties vary according to the type and place of your work. In general, as an electrician you have the following duties:
- Read and interpret drawings, blueprints, and electrical code specifications to determine electrical wiring layouts
- Install or repair various electrical systems and parts
- Maintain and test electrical components and systems
- Ensure compatibility and safety of electrical systems
- Conduct preventive maintenance programs and keep maintenance records.
There is a demand for skilled electricians in BC. Government statistics estimate there will be 5,300 job openings for construction and industrial electricians between 2017 and 2027. Much of this demand is due to the retirement of the baby-boomer generation.
A rapid increase in industrial activity in BC has helped to create many new jobs for industrial electricians. Large construction and transportation projects in the Lower Mainland region will continue to be a source of job growth.
Demand for construction engineers depends largely on the growth in the construction industry. Over the next few years, the pace of residential construction is expected to slow, while industrial construction is expected to remain strong. You may find more stable employment working as a maintenance electrician than in construction. Employment in the construction industry is often project-based, so you may experience gaps in employment between projects.
You will also be in higher demand if you specialize in new technologies. Work performed by electricians is expanding to include:
- alternative energy supplies, such as solar power, wind power and fuel cells
- wiring for smart homes
- automated systems for high-tech industries and complex computer offices
- automated systems in mills, mines, oil and gas operations and other plants
There is an increased demand for electricians who can install and maintain these new systems.
Sources: A Career as an Electrician: Becoming an Electrician in BC, WorkBC Career Profiles
Job Outlook in BC
Electricians (except industrial and power system) NOC 7241
Chart from WorkBC
Industrial Electricians NOC 7242
Chart from WorkBC
WorkBC provides job openings in BC regions from 2017-2027:
You can learn more about working as an electrician in BC from:
Types of Employers
Electricians work in many settings including:
- employed by electrical contractors or construction companies
- maintenance departments of commercial buildings and other establishments
- may be self-employed
- heavy industry
- maintenance departments of factories, mines, mills, oil and gas plants, shipyards, and other industrial establishments
Power System Electricians
- employed by electric power generation and transmission companies
- This is a very specialized occupation with very few employers in the province. BC Hydro is the main employer.
The median annual salary in BC for Construction Electricians (NOC 7241) is $56,311. Electricians who have their own business may earn more.
The median annual salary for Industrial Electricians (NOC 7242) and Power Systems Electricians (NOC 7243) is $72,996.
If you are training as an apprentice, you generally earn a percentage of a fully trained electrician’s salary. You receive increases in pay as you complete each year of your apprenticeship.
If you are employed full-time, you may also receive benefits such as paid sick days, and dental coverage.
Job Bank Canada provides average salaries in BC:
Construction Electricians NOC 7241
Source: Job Bank, Wage Report [search 7241]
Industrial Electricians, NOC 7242
Electricians typically work 40 hours per week, with possible overtime.
Shift work is common for industrial and maintenance electricians, and you may have to work evenings and weekends.
Skills, Education and Experience
- Detail oriented
- Good hand-eye coordination
- Reading skills
- Math skills
- Ability to interpret drawings
- Spatial perception
- Problem solving ability
- Good physical movement and the ability to work in a variety of places
Education and Experience
To work as an electrician in BC you require:
- completion of secondary school or equivalent course work
- a certificate of qualification from the Industry Training Authority
- registration in an apprenticeship program leading to qualification
Certified electricians are required to write the Red Seal Interprovincial Exam. Those who pass this exam are awarded the Red Seal, which means you can work as an electrician in the other provinces or territories without having to re-certify.
This occupation is regulated in British Columbia.
To work as an electrician in BC you must hold an industry training credential recognized by the Industry Training Authority BC (ITA BC). If you don’t hold a recognized training credential you may perform electrical work only if you are under direct supervision of someone who is fully qualified and you are registered as an electrical apprentice through ITA.
The electrician apprenticeship requires a combination of work experience and in-school instruction that:
- typically takes four years to complete
- is available through secondary schools, colleges and technical institutes or by direct entry to the workplace
If you have significant work experience as an electrician but have never been certified in Canada, you may apply to challenge the certification. (To challenge you require 9,000 hours of directly related work experience).
If ITA approves your challenge application, you must then complete requirements which include successfully writing the Interprovincial Red Seal exam. In this case the completion of an apprenticeship program is not required.
For more information on the certification process, see:
Internationally Trained Electricians
If you have previous experience and/or training as an electrician, you may be able to become certified in a shorter period of time by challenging the certification.
Being approved to challenge means that if you meet the criteria for your trade you will not be required to go through the full program. Instead, you will be allowed to become certified by writing and passing the final exam.
For more information see:
The BC Industry Training Authority (ITA) provides assistance through the Immigrants in Trades Training Initiative. The program can help you with tuition funding, English classes, career counselling and more.
For information see:
You’ll find job advertisements in local newspapers, trade journals, and electronic sources, as well as through professional associations’ publications.
You can look at the Vancouver Sun & The Province at Vancouver Public Library for free. Check the job postings daily, the careers section in the Vancouver Sun on Wednesdays and Saturdays and in The Province on Sundays.
Job White Pages
- Available online or in print at the Central Library
NOTE: You can only access this database from the Central Library or VPL branch libraries. Access is NOT available from home or outside the Library.
Online Job Postings
Find jobs posted on a multitude of company career sites and job boards
- WorkBC – Job Search
Professional Associations’ Career Resources
Identifying the Right Position
When you browse job advertisements, you’ll find a range of different job titles that are relevant.
For construction electricians look for these related job titles:
- Apprentice Electrician
- Construction Electrician
- Domestic and Rural Electrician
For industrial electricians:
- Electrician, Shipyard
- Industrial Electrician Apprentice
- Marine Electrician
- Mill Electrician
- Mine Electrician
- Plant Electrician
- Plant Maintenance Electrician
Creating a List of Potential Employers
You can use directories to produce lists of potential employers. Contact them directly to find out if they’re hiring.
- Reference Canada
Click on “Start Search” beside Canadian Businesses, then select the “Advanced Search” button.
Select both “Keyword/SIC/NAICS” under Business Type and “City” under Geography.
In the top search box enter “electric” or “electrical” and click LOOKUP.
Select the appropriate headings.
Lower down, select the Province, choose the cities, and click the “View Results” button.
NOTE: You can access this database from a Library computer. If you are using a computer from outside the Library, you will need a Vancouver Public Library card to login to this database. After clicking on the database name, you will be asked to enter your library card number and PIN (usually last four digits of your telephone number).
Applying for a Job
In Canada, employers usually expect to receive a resume or curriculum vitae and a cover letter that identifies the position you are applying for and summarizes your relevant experience.
Use the library catalogue to find books on writing resumes and cover letters specific to your industry.
To learn about applying for jobs in Canada, use the following guides:
Getting Help from Industry Sources
Associations for electricians in BC and Canada can provide information and assistance. Registration and fees may be required for membership.
Search the Vancouver Public Library catalogue for journals related to your profession. Examples at Central Library:
- Electrical Business
Also available at the Central Library, 338.47 E3831E
- Electrical Line
Also available at the Central Library, 621.305 E3831