- Working as a Human Resources Specialist [NOC 1121 & 1223]
- Skills, Education and Experience
- Finding Jobs
- Applying for a Job
- Getting Help from Industry Sources
Working as a Human Resources Specialist [NOC 1121 & 1223]
Human resources specialists hire, fire, and train personnel, and manage other aspects related to company workforces.
As a Human Resources Specialist you perform the following duties:
- plan, set up and evaluate staffing strategies including policies, programs and procedures
- create job descriptions and salary scales
- recruit and hire employees
- oversee and lead appropriate training programs
- advise managers and employees on understanding staffing policies, compensation and benefit programs
- settle collective agreements on behalf of employers, and act as a go-between in labour disputes and grievances
- coordinate employee performance and appraisal programs
In the past few years employers in BC have reported difficulty finding experienced human resources specialists. This is expected to continue as most recent graduates do not have the necessary experience to fill a specialist role.
Employment is the greatest in larger urban areas such as Metro Vancouver, or more remote locations which have large employers.
You will be most in demand if you have previous experience. Employers also seek individuals with the ability to interpret data, prepare and deliver presentations and a broad understanding of human resources trends. You will also have an advantage if you are competent using social networking technologies.
Job Outlook in BC
Chart from WorkBC
The Employment Outlook for BC provides job openings projections for Specialists in Human Resources within BC regions:
|Region||2010 Estimated Employment||2015 Estimated Employment||Avg Annual % Change, 5 Years, 2010 to 2015|
|Lower Mainland / Southwest||3,640||3,970||1.8%|
|North Coast & Nechako||60||70||1.4%|
Source: Regional Employment Projections, BC Stats. Projections for development regions [Accessed October 2014]
You can learn more about working in human resources in BC from:
- Career Cruising (Profile for Human Resources Specialist)
Types of Employers
Human resources specialists work for all types of businesses and organizations. The biggest employers include:
- public administration (government)
- professional, scientific, and technical services industries
The average annual salary for HR specialists in BC is between $66,000 and $95,000 a year. Entry-level salaries start at approximately $30,000 to $40,000 a year. However, you can earn $100,000 a year or more as a senior specialist.
You generally receive benefits, such as dental coverage, paid vacation and sick days, and contributions to retirement plans.
Job Bank Canada provides hourly wages for human resources specialists [NOC 1121] in BC regions:
Most human resources specialists work a standard five-day work week, with a minimum of 40 hours per week. In some cases (such as if you have a management position) you may work longer hours during the week and occasionally on weekends.
Skills, Education and Experience
- ability to work independently and in a team
- excellent oral and written communication
- good analytical abilities
- strong critical thinking ability
- excellent problem-solving skills
- understanding of business principles and procedures
- work well under pressure
Education and Experience
In order to work as a human resources specialist you need a university degree or college diploma in a field related to personnel management.
Other professional requirements may include:
- Certification as a Certified Human Resources Professional (CHRP).
- hands-on experience that would help you choose amongst the many areas of specialization
- three to five years of progressive experience in a position related to personnel administration
- extensive skills in using computer-based management-information systems
This occupation is not regulated in British Columbia.
There are no mandatory requirements for licensing or professional certification in order to work as a human resources specialist in BC.
However, the Certified Human Resources Professional (CHRP) designation is becoming increasingly important to many employers.
Information about obtaining the CHRP designation is available at:
Sources: WorkBC Career Profiles, Career Cruising
You’ll find job advertisements in local newspapers, trade journals, and electronic sources.
You can look at the Vancouver Sun & The Province at Vancouver Public Library for free. Check the job postings daily and the careers section in the Vancouver Sun on Wednesdays and Saturdays and in The Province on Sundays.
Job White Pages
- Available online or in print at the Central Library
NOTE: You can only access this database from the Central Library or VPL branch libraries. Access is NOT available from home or outside the Library.
Online Job Postings
Find jobs posted on a multitude of company career sites and job boards
Professional Associations’ Career Resources
- BC Human Resources Management Association
Available to BC HRMA members only
Identifying the Right Position
When you browse job advertisements, you’ll find a range of different job titles that are relevant.
For human resources specialists, look for these related job titles (from NOC):
- human resources officer
- classification specialist
- wage or compensation research analyst
- personnel officer
- employee relations officer
- employment equity officer
- job analyst
- labour relations officer
- staffing analyst
Source: National Occupational Classification
Creating a List of Potential Employers
You can use directories to produce lists of potential employers. Contact them directly to find out if they’re hiring.
Since human resources positions exist in many industries, you’ll need to decide what industry you would like to work in, and then find directories for that industry. A couple to try:
- Business in Vancouver Book of Lists
Includes contact information for the biggest companies in BC.
Also available at the Central Library, 338.9711 B97b
- Reference Canada
Click on “Start Search” beside Canadian Businesses, then select the “Advanced Search” button.
Select both “Keyword/SIC/NAICS” under Business Type and “City” under Geography.
In the top search box enter “human resources” and click LOOKUP.
Select the appropriate headings.
Lower down, select the Province, choose the cities, and click the “View Results” button.
NOTE: You can access this database from a Library computer. If you are using a computer from outside the Library, you will need a Vancouver Public Library card to login to this database. After clicking on the database name, you will be asked to enter your library card number and PIN (usually last four digits of your telephone number).
Applying for a Job
In Canada, employers usually expect to receive a resume (curriculum vitae) and a cover letter. These should identify the position you are applying for and summarize your relevant experience.
Use the library catalogue to find books on writing resumes and cover letters specific to your industry.
To learn about applying for jobs in Canada, use the following guides which are available in print at the Central Library or online:
Getting Help from Industry Sources
Associations for human resources professionals in BC and Canada can provide information and assistance. Registration and fees are required for membership.
Search the Vancouver Public Library catalogue for journals related to your profession.
Examples at the Central Library:
- Canadian HR Reporter
Available at the Central Library 658.305 C2122
or online in the Canadian Business and Current Affairs (CBCA) database
- HRVoice Peopletalk
Also available in print at the Central Library, 658.3005 P41